Manhole cover is installed on the top of oil tanker. It is the internal inlet of loading, checking vapor recovery and tanker maintenance. It can protect the tanker from emergency.
Normally, the breathing valve is closed. However, when load and unload oil external temperature changes, and the pressure of tanker will change such as air pressure and vacuum pressure. The breathing valve can automatically open at a certain air pressure and vacuum pressure to make the tank pressure in normal condition. If there is emergency like roll over situation, it will automatically close and it also can avoid the tanker explosion when in fires. As the emergency exhausting valve will automatically open when tank truck interior pressure increases to a certain range.